Hong Kong dollar Wikipedia

Since then, it has remained pegged to the dollar, with the HKMA adjusting its value from time to time. The Hong Kong dollar has been pegged to a narrow trading band, which currently ranges umarkets review between HK$7.7500 and HK$7.8500 per USD. If, and when, the HKD hits either the upper or lower bound, the HKMA, which acts as the de facto central bank, intervenes to stabilize the currency.

  1. Hong Kong was a dependent territory of the United Kingdom from 1842 until the transfer of its sovereignty to the People’s Republic of China in 1997.
  2. Wise gives you the real, mid-market, exchange rate, so you can make huge savings on your international money transfers.
  3. This was the point of departure as between the Hong Kong unit and the Straits unit.
  4. Banknotes are then run through a government exchange fund that holds U.S. dollars in reserves and records all transactions in the general accounts of the two currencies.

However, banknotes were not produced until the 1860s, when the Oriental Bank, the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China and the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation began issuing notes. Denominations issued in the 1860s and 1870s included 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 500 dollars. These notes were not accepted by the Treasury for payment of government dues and taxes, although they were accepted fp markets review for use by merchants. 25 dollar notes did not survive beyond the end of the 19th century, whilst the 1-dollar notes (only produced by the HSBC) were issued until 1935. Financially, the currency peg was designed not to require the Bank of England to lend its reserves to maintain Hong Kong’s currency peg. London eventually acquiesced and legislation was enacted in attempts to regulate the coinage.

International Money Transfers in Hong Kong

The issue of Hong Kong dollar notes is governed today by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), the governmental currency board of Hong Kong. Under licence from the HKMA, three commercial banks issue their own banknotes for general circulation in the region. They are Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited; the Bank of China hotforex review (Hong Kong) Limited; and the Standard Chartered Bank (Hong Kong) Limited. In most countries of the world the issue of banknotes is handled exclusively by a single central bank or government. The arrangements in Hong Kong are unusual but not unique; a comparable system is used in the United Kingdom, where seven banks issue banknotes.

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As a British colony, an attempt to standardize the currency system was made in 1825 by introducing Sterling coins. This currency, however, proved to be unpopular and foreign coins continued to circulate. The money transfer situation is much easier in HK than in Chinese mainland where there are numerous regulations, and various money transfer methods are blocked or are illegal. So if you need to send or receive money, it might be better to do it in Hong Kong than in China. You have several choices, such as inter-bank transfer, online money transfer, and international money transfer company offices. Established in 1993, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority is the central bank of the island and acts to control inflation and maintain the stability of the Hong Kong dollar (HKD) and of the banking sector through its monetary policy.

Let China Highlights Help You Tour Hong Kong

In 1975, the HK$5 notes were replaced by coins, whilst HK$1,000 notes were introduced in 1977. The Mercantile Bank was absorbed by the HSBC in 1978 and ceased issuing notes. In 1985, HK$20 notes were introduced, whilst, in 1993, HK$10 coins were introduced and the banks stopped issuing HK$10 notes. In 1994 the HKMA gave authority to the Bank of China to issue notes. These are the average exchange rates of these two currencies for the last 30 and 90 days. During the 19th century, Hong Kong used a variety of foreign currencies such as Indian Rupees, Spanish Dollars, Mexican Pesos, and Chinese coins for daily transactions.

A further aim of allowing the Hong Kong dollar to trade in a range is to avoid the HK dollar being used as a proxy for speculative bets on a renminbi revaluation. Rub the bills in order to see whether it has an embossed texture. If you receive counterfeit money, hand it over to the police. Thus far, the fake money that has been investigated by the police in Hong Kong is mostly poor in quality, and locals can spot the fake cash. At Hong Kong International Airport, currency exchange counters are open from early morning until late at night. Part of the reason for the slower use of electronic payment systems is that the Octopus cards are universally used by the locals.